Yala National Park
Block I-V

The 02nd largest of Sri Lanka’s 26 National Parks, Yala National Park was legally gazetted into existence in 1938 and covers an extent of 979 square kilometers (97,900 hectares).

Yala is divided into five blocks for administrative and management purposes and is also spread across two ecological (eco) climatic zones, namely the Dry Zone and the Intermediate Zone.
Yala plays host to a sizeable variety of habitats and ecosystems including Semi-Arid Scrubland/Xeric Shrubland (Block I), Short – Grass Covered Open Plains (Block II), Dry Zone Dry Evergreen Forests (Blocks III and V) and Intermediate Zone Evergreen Forest (Block IV), as well as to Sri Lanka’s Terrestrial Big Five (Sri Lankan Elephant, Sri Lankan True Wild Water Buffalo, Sri Lankan Sloth Bear, Sri Lankan Leopard, Sri Lankan Mugger Crocodile and Sri Lankan Saltwater Crocodile).
Yala is also a Nationally Listed Wetland Cluster of National Importance and is situated in two Provinces (namely the Southern Province and the Uva Province).

 

Kumana National Park
Formerly known as Yala East National Park

The 07th largest of Sri Lanka’s 26 National Parks, Kumana National Park was legally gazetted into existence in 2006 and covers an extent of 357 square kilometers (35,700 hectares).>Kumana is situated in one ecological (eco) climatic zone, namely the Dry Zone.
Kumana also plays host to a sizeable variety of habitats and ecosystems including Dry Zone Dry Evergreen Forests and Dry Zone Riverine Forests, as well as to Sri Lanka’s Terrestrial Big Five (Sri Lankan Elephant, Sri Lankan True Wild Water Buffalo, Sri Lankan Sloth Bear, Sri Lankan Leopard, Sri Lankan Mugger Crocodile and Sri Lankan Saltwater Crocodile).
Kumana is also a Ramsar Listed Cluster of International Importance and situated in two Provinces (namely the Eastern Province and the Uva Province).

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Lunugamvehera National Park
The Greater Yala Complex West

The 09th largest of Sri Lanka’s 26 National Parks, Lunugamvehera National Park was legally gazetted into existence in 1995 and covers an extent of 272 square kilometers (27,200 hectares).

Lunugamvehera is situated in one ecological (eco) climatic zone, namely the Dry Zone. Lunugamvehera also plays host to a sizeable variety of habitats and ecosystems including Semi-Arid Scrubland/Xeric Shrubland and Deccan Thorn Scrub Forest, as well as to four of Sri Lanka’s Terrestrial Big Five (Sri Lankan Elephant, Sri Lankan Sloth Bear, Sri Lankan Leopard, and Sri Lankan Mugger Crocodile).

Lunugamvehera is both a Nationally Listed Wetland Site of National Importance and a “National Park Corridor” (the latter between Yala National Park and Udawalawe National Park) and situated in two Provinces (namely the Southern Province and the Uva Province).